The rabbit known as “Micro-Livestock” can be a great source of food production. And commercial production can be a great source of income and employment.
Rabbits need small place for living and less food for surviving. Rabbit meat contains high ratio of protein, energy, calcium and vitamin. The amount of cholesterol, fat and sodium is also very low. Their meat is very tasty, nutritious and easily digestible.
Rabbits grow very fast and the female rabbit produce 2 to 8 kids at a time.
A breeding doe is expected to have an annual live weaned bunnies of at least 40. A good rabbit farmer having a hundred doe unit can have an average of 650 rabbits produced every 2 months.
Various Breeds of Rabbits
There are many rabbit breeds available throughout the world. Among those breeds
- Dark Gray (internal),
- New Zealand White
- New Zealand Black
- New Zealand Red
- Belgium White
- Flemish Giant
These are highly productive and popular breeds. You can choose proper breed for your production, depending on the availability of breeds in your area.
The New Zealand, being widely used for commercial breeding, is often used because they have better mothering abilities, large litter sizes (averagely 7 live kits), better meat to born ratio , faster growth rate, better adult weight (5.4kg) as compared to most other medium breeds and last but definitely not least, have Snow White fur.
The California which has an average litter size of 6 and also better meat to bone ratio is also used for meat production since the adult weight can reach 4.9kg.
The most popular accommodation for a rabbit is a hutch for few rabbits and sheds for many. You’ll need to be careful about selecting one though, some cheaply made hutches are little more than small plywood boxes and don’t provide a suitable living area for a rabbit.
A hutch/shed should be large enough for your rabbit to move comfortably, have enclosed area for your rabbit to sleep/hide in, and provide secure shelter from predators and inclement weather.
Sturdily built hutches in larger sizes and with multiple levels are becoming more easily available, but if you can’t find a supplier try commissioning one from a local carpenter – or make your own.
Depending on the number you start with, the average division of each cage should be about 6′ x 2′. You will need a mesh for the windows for proper ventilation and wood can take care of the rest.
The cage system helps reduce disease spread.
Source: RoyFarms, ModernGhana, TheRabbitHouse