Start Your Pawpaw Farm I

Paw paw fruit Farming in Ghana is done in tropical and subtropical climates and pawpaw plants do not tolerate freezing temperatures. Papayas fruits are delicious and grow throughout the year.

These fruits are eaten alone or in salad without the skin. The papaws fruits are low in calories and high in potassium, vitamin A and C.

Papayas enzymes promote digestion easing constipation and it is efficient in controlling colon infections and colon cancer. The plants are short living perennial trees whose economic life is about 4 years, although the plants have a lifespan of up to 10 years.

Here are some benefits of the pawpaw fruit

1. Lowers cholesterol

2. Helps in weight loss

3. Boosts your immunity

 4. Good for diabetics

5. Great for your eyes

6. Protects against arthritis

7. Improves digestion

8. Helps ease menstrual pain

9. Prevents signs of ageing

10. Prevents cancer

11. Helps reduce stress

 

Varieties Of Pawpaw

1. Solo Sunrise (This variety produces small round sweet fruits with uniform size and shape. It is hermaphroditic and popular for both export and local market).

2. The mountain variety grows at high altitudes with small fruits only suitable for jam and preserves.

3. The sunrise variety that produces smooth pear shaped fruit of high quality, weighing 400 to 650 grams.

4. The red royale that is an improved breed and give good quality yields.

5. Golden Caliman best suitable if you want to export

Land Preparation

A thorough land preparation is necessary for early crop establishment and adequate weed control. Slash, remove stumps and stones where necessary, and clear debris. Double plough, harrow the field to a fine tilth where necessary, line and peg.

Papaya thrives in well-drained soils rich in organic matter with pH range of 5 to 7, temperature between 20-36oC, and rainfall between 1200 to 2000 mm/year (150 to 200 mm/month). The crop can be grown commercially in parts of the Central, Eastern, Brong-Ahafo, Ashanti and Volta Regions. It can also be done at your backyard since most of it is found in backyards.

 

Planting The Pawpaw

Soak seeds 48 hours to break dormancy. Stir and change water at least 2 times discarding non-viable floating seeds. Air dry seeds for 6hrs and keep in clean absorbent cloth for 3-4 days in a warm dark place for seeds to sprout before sowing.

Make drainage holes in poly bags, and fill with media. Evenly sow 4-6 sprouted seeds at a depth of 1cm and cover with about 1cm of soil and firm. Water copiously. Arrange poly bags under shades.

Cover with transparent polythene sheets. Remove sheets immediately after emergency (3-4 days). Apply 5g Mono Ammonium Phosphate (MAP) per liter of water on seedlings three weeks after emergence.

Harden seeds by gradually reducing shade and exposing them to sun before transplanting. Thin out to 3 seedlings/ bag before transplanting.

 

At your backyard, scrape out the papaya seeds from the pawpaw or papaya, clean and dry them. You will end up with enough seeds to grow a papaya plantation.

Select a sunny and sheltered place in your garden and plant them. Don’t start them in pots!

Papayas don’t transplant well. Anything that disturbs the roots of papayas really sets them back. They just hate it. The most full proof way to grow papayas is to simply plant them where they are to live.

Papaya trees are very, very hungry. That means they need very good soil, rich in organic matter and nutrients.

If you don’t have fabulous soil, make some. Dig a hole half a meter across and fill it with a mix of good compost and soil. Actually, make at least two or three such planting beds in different locations.

Now sprinkle on some of your seeds. A couple of dozen per bed is a good amount. Cover the seeds lightly with more compost, and then mulch the patch well. The seeds usually take about a couple of weeks to germinate, and may take longer.

Soon you will notice that your seedlings are very different in size and vigor. That’s why we planted so many. Within, 10 -12 months, you can get a ripe fruit.

Planting out: Transplant seeds at a space of 1.8m x 2m (about 2,800 plots/ha) or 2m x 2.5m (about 2000 plots/ha) 4-6 weeks after emergence.

Thinning out: Thin out to one plant per stand after the first flush of flowers appears, selecting only sturdy plants with hermaphrodite flowers.

 

 

Source: MSN, MOFA, Let’sTalkAgric