With the independence of Ghana in 1957, universal education became an important political objective. The magnitude of the task as well as economic difficulties and political instabilities have slowed down attempted reforms.
The Education Act in 1987, followed by the Constitution of 1992, gave a new impulse to educational policies in the country. In 2011, the primary school net enrollment rate was 84%, described by UNICEF as “far ahead” of the Sub-Saharan average.
In its 2013-14 report, the World Economic Forum ranked Ghana 46th out of 148 countries for education system quality. In 2010, Ghana’s literacy rate was 71.5%, with a notable gap between men (78.3%) and women (65.3%).
The guardian newspaper disclosed in April 2015 that 90% of children in Ghana were enrolled in school, ahead of countries like Pakistan and Nigeria at 72% and 64% respectively.
A substantial part of this development come from the private sector.
Universities offer an academic education, from bachelor to Phd. Students are admitted based on their performance at the W.A.S.S.C.E (West African Senior School Certificate Examination): A maximum of 24 points is generally required in order to apply to a Bachelor degree program.
A bachelor degree is usually completed after four years of majoring in a specific field of interest. Master degrees are of two sorts: A one year program, concluded with a final paper based on a literature study, or a two year program, concluded with a final paper based on one year of independent research. Both can lead to a Phd, usually achieved in 3 years within a doctoral programme.
There are nine public universities in Ghana with and eight technical universities. The yet to be upgraded to technical university are Wa Polytechnic and Bolgatanga Polytechnic.
Below is the list of all the public universities and technical universities in Ghana.
|NAME OF UNIVERSITY||REGION OF LOCATION|
|University of Ghana||Legon, Greater Accra|
|Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology||Kumasi, Ashanti|
|University of Cape Coast||Cape Coast, Central|
|University of Education||Winneba, Central|