Ranging from the reform of the Family Code, with its emancipative dimensions as far as the status of women is concerned, to the launching of the National Initiative for Human Development (NIHD), and the reform of the Justice system, the scope of these reforms reached in 2011 its culminating point through the reform of the Moroccan Constitution.
In this respect, the King’s speeches respectively on March 9th, and June 17th, 2011, fit into the framework of the democratic process, in which Morocco had been involved for over a decade. March 9th will, in fact, remain as a historical date, being the time of the King’s announcement of a comprehensive reform of the Constitution and the setting up of an ad-hoc committee for the matter.
The suggestions submitted by the political parties, labor Unions and civil society, to the Advisory Commission for the Review of the Constitution, highlight the fundamentality of the Moroccan people’s participation in the drafting of the new Constitution as well as the State’s respect for the citizens’ aspirations in the democratic process.
After receiving the outcome of the work, which the aforesaid Commission had done, the King made his speech on June 17th, 2011, calling for a referendum on the adoption of the new constitution to be held. On July 1st, 2011, the new Constitution was approved by 98.5% of votes, with a turnout of 73.46%.
In fact, the new Constitution not only does it guarantee the enshrinement of human rights as universally recognized, but it ensures the mechanisms and institutions for their protection and implementation.
This Constitution is an original Moroccan model, based on two complementary pillars: while the first one reflects the commitment to the immutable constants of the Moroccan nation, the second emphasizes the will to consolidate attributes and mechanisms induced by the parliamentary feature of Morocco’s political system. Accordingly, the Constitution establishes a citizen monarchy within the framework of a new contract between the State and the people.
As far as the national identity is concerned, the Constitution guarantees the recognition of Amazigh as official language of the Kingdom, alongside with Arabic. The new Constitution advocates also the promotion of all Moroccan linguistic and cultural expressions, among which is the Hassani, to make, therefore, clear Morocco’s attachment to its Saharan roots.
With regard to the political field, the Constitution is based on the fundamental principles of the separation, cooperation and equilibrium between powers.
One of the most fundamental issues brought by the new Constitution is the strengthening of parliamentary powers in terms of legislation and supervision.
The Constitution will proceed also, according to His majesty the King’s speech on June 17, to the establishment of a “United Morocco of Regions”, based “on an extended decentralization meant for democracy and dedicated to sustainable and integrated human development, within the scope of the State’s and the Nation’s Unity, the territorial integrity and the respect of the principles of equilibrium, and national and regional solidarity “.
THE FIRST JOINT-COMMISSION BETWEEN MOROCCO-GHANA: TOWARDS DEEPER BILATERAL RELATIONS:
The Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, Mr. Salaheddine Mezouar, and the Ghanaian Minister of Foreign Affairs and Regional Integration, Ms Hanna Tetteh Serwaah, co-chaired, on Thursday, February 12th2015, in Rabat, the First Moroccan-Ghanaian Joint Commission.
Ms. Tetteh led a high-ranked delegation, consisting of the Minister of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts, Ms. Elizabeth Ofosu Agyare and the Deputy Minister of Trade, Mr.Ricketts Hagan.
The first joint commission between Morocco and Ghana, was a highlight toward the establishment of a political framework, that will enlarge the sphere of exchanges to comprise other sectors and stakeholders in Ghana, with their Moroccan counterparts, in the path to explore a new areas and opportunities for cooperation and to develop the means of the partnership between Morocco and ECOWAS.
Speaking on this occasion, Mr. .Mezouar welcomed the friendly relations and the cooperation existing between Ghana and Morocco, as well as the willingness of both countries to make of the South-South partnership, an engine of regional dynamism.
During this occasion, it was well stressed that the first joint commission will set the agenda and the prospects for a new partnership between Morocco and Ghana, adding that the two sides agreed to exchange visits of businessmen and to develop a framework to boost the dynamism of bilateral relations in the economic and institutional levels, and between parliamentarians and civil society actors in both countries.
For her part, the Ghanaian Foreign Minister, Ms Hanna Tetteh, has clearly underlined that the first joint commission, will lay the stone of a real platform for building a solid partnership and exploring several issues of common interest, mainly in the fields of transport, trade, tourism, mining and energy, and to engage in political consultations.
The presence of significant and distinguished Ghanaian officials in this meeting reflects the shared desire to build relations that are moving towards the consolidation of South-South links, to establish an open partnership, in the framework of a permanent political dialogue, and to support the dynamism of investment in both countries.
The regional dimension was highlighted during this event. In this wake, Mr. Mezouar indicated that Ghana, through its democratic structure, political plurality, openness and economic dynamism, plays a major role in the West African States Economic Community (ECOWAS). Both Ministers stated that there is a convergence of views between Morocco and Ghana on their perception of the responsibility of both countries about stability in the Sahel-Saharan region.
In addition to this, the Head of the Ghanaian diplomacy was optimistic about the outcome of this meeting, that will put in place a framework for further development of bilateral relations, particularly through the implementation of the agreements signed on this occasion and concrete projects, programs and initiatives to enable Moroccans and Ghanaians to work together and achieve the desired economic development.
In this respect, the Ghanaian Minister congratulated the Kingdom of Morocco for the major structural reforms in the political, economic, social and cultural fields. The Minister also welcomed the vision of His Majesty the King Mohammed VI to strengthen the South-South and inter-African cooperation, for peace, stability and prosperity in Africa.
This session was marked by the signing of agreements and memoranda of understanding concerning the areas of export promotion, development of skills for Ghanaian students, technicians and professionals, technical training and the promotion of trade and maritime trade.